Installing Kubuntu 9.04



Introduction

Ubuntu Linux ranks no.1 in the world and is maintained by Canonical Ltd. It is rated as the most easiest and fastest Linux distribution and hence user new to linux OS are recommended to use Ubuntu. Ubuntu is based on Debain Linux, the default Desktop environment is Gnome in Ubuntu and KDE for Kubuntu. The latest stable release is 9.04. The new version that is Ubuntu 9.10 is still in development and the latest alpha release for Ubuntu and Kubuntu 9.10 is Alpha 5.

Minimum System Requirements :

Processor : 1Ghz Frequency

Memory : 512MB

Free Disk Space : 8GB

CD-Writer

Let us start with the installation process :

Configure your BIOS to boot from CD. Insert your Kubuntu 9.04 in the CD-Rom and let the system boot from the CD. Now Grub will be loaded giving you the first screen to select the interactive language :

Now once you select you language you will have the screen with boot option. You can either select to try Kubuntu without installing it on your system i.e. the live environment. Here we will select the second option to install Kubuntu on our system :

Now you will be presented with the boot screen which will prepare your system for installing Kubuntu. The boot screen has two phases. The first screen looks like this :

And the second boot screen looks like this :

Now you will be presented with the installation screen asking you to select your system language :

Once you have selected your system language, you will have to select your time-zone according to your location :

Now you get a screen asking you to select your keyboard layout. Do not change the default keyboard layout unless you are sure about your keyboard layout :

Now the Kubuntu installation process will detect the file system of your computer, you will have a screen  which will show the progress of the same :

Now you will get a screen to select the disk partition on which you want to install Kubuntu. Here I will select the entire disk and let Kubuntu decide what to do with it. But if you have another Operating System and you don’t know what to do, select Kubuntu guided partition. This option will automatically detect which is the longest unused disk space and automatically partition your disk without letting you loose any data :

Now you will get a window which will compute the partitions you created, edited or changed and will proceed accordingly. While Kubuntu is computing partitions, it will look like this :

Now you will be given a screen where you have to setup the user accounts. Here input your username and password and computer :

Now that you are done with all the setup steps, you will be presented with the screen to review the setup and check if you have not made any mistaken in any past steps. There will be an advance option button. It is not recommended to use this option unless you have any other operating system whose boot loader you need to use as default :

Now click on Install and Kubuntu will start the installation. While the installation is in progress you will see this screen :

Once the installation is completed, you will be asked to reboot the computer. Click on Reboot button and the system will reboot :

After you click on reboot, Kubuntu will unmount the devices, file systems, etc and once the system is ready to reboot, you will be give this prompt :

Now remove the Kubuntu CD from the CD-Rom and press Enter and your computer will reboot. Then a grub screen will load Kubuntu from your screen. It will look like this :

Here you can press Esc to get a boot menu or do nothing and grub will load Kubuntu for you. If you press Esc you will get a grub’s boot menu which will look like this :

 Now select the first option to boot Kubuntu into normal mode. While Kubuntu is loading you will have a graphical screen which will show you the progress which shows loading of KDE :

Once the KDE finishes loading you will get to the Kubuntu’s KDE Desktop which has a very nice GUI. It should look like this :

Here is a screen in which I have loaded some widgets on the KDE desktop. Just have a look :

You can load any application or option on your desktop as a widget in Kubuntu. Just right-click on the desktop and click on “Add Wigdets”. Have Fun!!

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